曲松| 通海| 大荔| 额尔古纳| 荣县| 钓鱼岛| 镇巴| 和平| 南安| 礼县| 沙洋| 五台| 民和| 横县| 洱源| 大方| 泌阳| 湘乡| 永州| 聂荣| 兴国| 上林| 莱山| 宜宾县| 瓦房店| 子洲| 迁安| 安溪| 李沧| 徐州| 德昌| 常熟| 哈密| 红星| 彭水| 忻州| 澧县| 泽州| 灞桥| 阜新市| 大化| 富源| 囊谦| 吉木乃| 廊坊| 炎陵| 大新| 武陟| 松江| 富拉尔基| 商水| 江陵| 韶关| 洛隆| 察哈尔右翼前旗| 平武| 朝阳市| 西青| 香河| 永善| 涞源| 兰考| 商都| 黄石| 元坝| 孟连| 贵州| 漳州| 石门| 房县| 牡丹江| 神农顶| 平阴| 通辽| 南部| 郓城| 长汀| 灵寿| 武都| 罗源| 绥江| 陆川| 平鲁| 滨海| 彭阳| 洋山港| 天长| 远安| 岚山| 乐昌| 红岗| 盐山| 科尔沁左翼后旗| 张家界| 新青| 中阳| 枣庄| 南阳| 石泉| 鄂伦春自治旗| 彭山| 徐闻| 通海| 肇庆| 宁乡| 成武| 哈巴河| 石龙| 普格| 临夏县| 化德| 怀柔| 东光| 莱州| 毕节| 达拉特旗| 永宁| 绿春| 雷州| 衡南| 万山| 盐田| 徽县| 麻山| 福州| 宕昌| 镇赉| 富川| 开原| 福安| 兴国| 岳普湖| 福鼎| 织金| 吴桥| 句容| 贵港| 青川| 盐田| 天全| 白银| 会东| 甘谷| 老河口| 大厂| 乃东| 厦门| 白银| 松潘| 潘集| 安福| 江阴| 平武| 云安| 五台| 阳城| 洱源| 九台| 南昌县| 株洲县| 永寿| 甘泉| 广元| 苏家屯| 千阳| 大同市| 金川| 永川| 靖宇| 兴业| 霍林郭勒| 贺兰| 枣强| 南海镇| 绵竹| 合山| 壶关| 勐腊| 南漳| 永善| 马山| 噶尔| 辉南| 阳山| 桂阳| 尤溪| 临桂| 富拉尔基| 怀来| 全州| 海原| 库车| 阿荣旗| 名山| 日土| 吉利| 阜阳| 左权| 乡城| 闻喜| 惠阳| 兰考| 南岔| 晋宁| 阿克苏| 禄劝| 裕民| 张掖| 万山| 吉林| 石棉| 蒙城| 成县| 山海关| 图们| 达州| 贡嘎| 黎城| 大厂| 石景山| 天水| 哈密| 济南| 马关| 滨海| 孝昌| 洱源| 确山| 延安| 台中市| 化州| 黔江| 辉县| 天等| 虎林| 下花园| 宁明| 皮山| 郓城| 定西| 上林| 随州| 泗洪| 茂港| 环江| 尚志| 南和| 石首| 宾县| 松桃| 献县| 晴隆| 阜康| 固始| 嘉禾| 鄱阳| 西平| 临城| 兴化| 会理| 清河门| 武穴| 开县|

2017年海南儋州市查处侵权假冒案件328起

2019-09-18 07:53 来源:中国西藏

  2017年海南儋州市查处侵权假冒案件328起

  PhototakenonJune11,2018showstheKing’sTroopRoyalHorseArtilleryfireda41-gunsaluteinHydePark,London,tomarkPrincePhilips97thbirthday.(Photo/Agencies)PhototakenonJune11,2018showstheKing’sTroopRoyalHorseArtilleryfireda41-gunsaluteinHydePark,London,tomarkPrincePhilips97thbirthday.(Photo/Agencies)PhototakenonJune11,2018showstheKing’sTroopRoyalHorseArtilleryfireda41-gunsaluteinHydePark,London,tomarkPrincePhilips97thbirthday.(Photo/Agencies)Anindependentformationof55femalehonorguardsofthePeoplesLibera,whousedtostandwiththemalehonorguardssincetheirdebutin2014,areappearingasanindependentformationforthefirsttime.(Photo/Xinhua)Anindependentformationof55femalehonorguardsofthePeoplesLibera,whousedtostandwiththemalehonorguardssincetheirdebutin2014,areappearingasanindependentformationforthefirsttime.(Photo/Xinhua)Anindependentformationof55femalehonorguardsofthePeoplesLibera,whousedtostandwiththemalehonorguardssincetheirdebutin2014,areappearingasanindependentformationforthefirsttime.(Photo/Xinhua)Anindependentformationof55femalehonorguardsofthePeoplesLibera,whousedtostandwiththemalehonorguardssincetheirdebutin2014,areappearingasanindependentformationforthefirsttime.(Photo/Xinhua)

ThaipolicesergeantTanitBussabongdirectstrafficwearingacostumewhereheappearstorideaT-rexdinosauroutsideaschoolinNakhonNayokonJune4,,whohasaround20differentoutfitsincludingMinnieMouseandabearforhistrafficdutyoutsidethekindergarten,saidhisprehistoricuniformisteachingkidsroadsafetyandconvincingparentstoobeytrafficlaws.(Photo/Agencies)ThaipolicesergeantTanitBussabongdirectstrafficwearingacostumewhereheappearstorideaT-rexdinosauroutsideaschoolinNakhonNayokonJune4,,whohasaround20differentoutfitsincludingMinnieMouseandabearforhistrafficdutyoutsidethekindergarten,saidhisprehistoricuniformisteachingkidsroadsafetyandconvincingparentstoobeytrafficlaws.(Photo/Agencies)ThaipolicesergeantTanitBussabongdirectstrafficwearingacostumewhereheappearstorideaT-rexdinosauroutsideaschoolinNakhonNayokonJune4,,whohasaround20differentoutfitsincludingMinnieMouseandabearforhistrafficdutyoutsidethekindergarten,saidhisprehistoricuniformisteachingkidsroadsafetyandconvincingparentstoobeytrafficlaws.(Photo/Agencies)ThaipolicesergeantTanitBussabongdirectstrafficwearingacostumewhereheappearstorideaT-rexdinosauroutsideaschoolinNakhonNayokonJune4,,whohasaround20differentoutfitsincludingMinnieMouseandabearforhistrafficdutyoutsidethekindergarten,saidhisprehistoricuniformisteachingkidsroadsafetyandconvincingparentstoobeytrafficlaws.(Photo/Agencies)(CNS),astate-levelnewsagencysponsoredandestablishedbyChinesejournalistsandrenownedoverseasChineseexpertsonOctober1,(),,,includingin-depthcoverage,featurestoriesandvisualcontent,withtopicssuchascurrentevents,art,lifestyle,(CNS)isnotonlyastate-levelnewsagencyspreadingnewsworldwide,butalsoaninternationalnewsagencywithsubscribersinTaiwan,HongKongandMacao,,formervicechairmanoftheStandingCommitteeoftheNationalPeoplesCongress,,therewereothermajorsponsorsandbuilders,suchasJinZhonghua,HuYuzhi,,awell-knownexpertoninternationalissues,,CNSwastheInternationalNewsService,,adatabaseofinforma(includingwritings,photosandspecialarticles)andamodernmethodofreporting(mainlythroughinternet,videosandSMS)providedtooverse,,HongKongandMacao,aswellasbranchesorreportstationsinTokyo,Bangkok,KualaLumpur,NewYork,Washington,LosAngeles,SanFrancisco,Vancouver,London,Paris,,andnewsreleasecentershavebeenestablishedinBeijing,,multi-levelandmulti-functionnewsreleasesystem,CNSprovidesallkindsofnewsandinformation,’,,1999,theheadquartersofCNSlauncheditsofficialwebsite,namedChinanews().ChinanewsisconsideredoneofChina’smostimportantonlinenewssources.

  PhototakenonJune11,2018showstheKing’sTroopRoyalHorseArtilleryfireda41-gunsaluteinHydePark,London,tomarkPrincePhilips97thbirthday.(Photo/Agencies)PhototakenonJune11,2018showstheKing’sTroopRoyalHorseArtilleryfireda41-gunsaluteinHydePark,London,tomarkPrincePhilips97thbirthday.(Photo/Agencies)PhototakenonJune11,2018showstheKing’sTroopRoyalHorseArtilleryfireda41-gunsaluteinHydePark,London,tomarkPrincePhilips97thbirthday.(Photo/Agencies)Anindependentformationof55femalehonorguardsofthePeoplesLibera,whousedtostandwiththemalehonorguardssincetheirdebutin2014,areappearingasanindependentformationforthefirsttime.(Photo/Xinhua)Anindependentformationof55femalehonorguardsofthePeoplesLibera,whousedtostandwiththemalehonorguardssincetheirdebutin2014,areappearingasanindependentformationforthefirsttime.(Photo/Xinhua)Anindependentformationof55femalehonorguardsofthePeoplesLibera,whousedtostandwiththemalehonorguardssincetheirdebutin2014,areappearingasanindependentformationforthefirsttime.(Photo/Xinhua)Anindependentformationof55femalehonorguardsofthePeoplesLibera,whousedtostandwiththemalehonorguardssincetheirdebutin2014,areappearingasanindependentformationforthefirsttime.(Photo/Xinhua)

  AdogincostumeplayswithaballduringacontestwiththethemeofFIFAWorldCupinLima,Peru,onJune10,2018.(Xinhua/LuisCamacho)AwomaninteractswithherdogduringacontestwiththethemeofFIFAWorldCupinLima,Peru,onJune10,2018.(Xinhua/LuisCamacho)AwomaninteractswithherdogduringacontestwiththethemeofFIFAWorldCupinLima,Peru,onJune10,2018.(Xinhua/LuisCamacho)DogsincostumeareseenduringacontestwiththethemeofFIFAWorldCupinLima,Peru,onJune10,2018.(Xinhua/LuisCamacho)HungHsiu-chu(front,C),formerchairwomanofKuomintanginTaiwan,leadsadelegationtopayhomagetodeceasedsoldiersoftheChineseExpeditionaryForcewhodiedwhilefightingtheJapanesearmyinWorldWarIIinMyanmar,atamartyrscemeteryinTengchongCounty,SouthwestChinasYunnanProvince,June11,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/LiuRanyang)HungHsiu-chu,formerchairwomanofKuomintanginTaiwan,leadsadelegationtopayhomagetodeceasedsoldiersoftheChineseExpeditionaryForcewhodiedwhilefightingtheJapanesearmyinWorldWarIIinMyanmar,atamartyrscemeteryinTengchongCounty,SouthwestChinasYunnanProvince,June11,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/LiuRanyang)HungHsiu-chu,formerchairwomanofKuomintanginTaiwan,leadsadelegationtopayhomagetodeceasedsoldiersoftheChineseExpeditionaryForcewhodiedwhilefightingtheJapanesearmyinWorldWarIIinMyanmar,atamartyrscemeteryinTengchongCounty,SouthwestChinasYunnanProvince,June11,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/LiuRanyang)HungHsiu-chu,formerchairwomanofKuomintanginTaiwan,leadsadelegationtopayhomagetodeceasedsoldiersoftheChineseExpeditionaryForcewhodiedwhilefightingtheJapanesearmyinWorldWarIIinMyanmar,atamartyrscemeteryinTengchongCounty,SouthwestChinasYunnanProvince,June11,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/LiuRanyang)HungHsiu-chu,theformerchairwomanoftheKuomintanginTaiwan,visitstheWesternYunnanWarofResistanceagainstJapaneseAggressionMemorialinTengchongCounty,Yunnanprovince,June11,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/LiuRanyang)HungHsiu-chu,theformerchairwomanoftheKuomintanginTaiwan,visitstheWesternYunnanWarofResistanceagainstJapaneseAggressionMemorialinTengchongCounty,Yunnanprovince,June11,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/LiuRanyang)

AmancarrieshiswifewhileracingintheWifeCarryingcompetitiontomarktheCityDayinKrasnoyarsk,Russia,June10,2018.(Photo/Agencies)MencarrytheirwivesoveranobstaclewhileracingintheWifeCarryingcompetitiontomarktheCityDayinKrasnoyarsk,Russia,June10,2018.(Photo/Agencies)MencarrytheirwivesoverawaterobstaclewhileracingintheWifeCarryingcompetitiontomarktheCityDayinKrasnoyarsk,Russia,June10,2018.(Photo/Agencies)MencarrytheirwivesoverawaterobstaclewhileracingintheWifeCarryingcompetitiontomarktheCityDayinKrasnoyarsk,Russia,June10,2018.(Photo/Agencies)AmancarrieshiswifewhileracingintheWifeCarryingcompetitiontomarktheCityDayinKrasnoyarsk,Russia,June10,2018.(Photo/Agencies)

  FolkartistZhangBinmakesdoughfigurinesinanintangibleculturalheritagefairinShenyang,capitalofnortheastChinasLiaoningProvince,June9,ritageDayonSaturday.(Xinhua/YaoJianfeng)PeoplevisitChineseculturalheritageartexhibitioninGuangzhou,southChinasGuangdongProvince,June9,ritageDayonSaturday.(Xinhua/LuHanxin)ApersonvisitsChineseculturalheritageartexhibitioninGuangzhou,southChinasGuangdongProvince,June9,ritageDayonSaturday.(Xinhua/LuHanxin)InkstoneamateurscompeteinaninkstonecarvingcontestinWuyuan,eastChinasJiangxiProvince,June9,ritageDayonSaturday.(Xinhua/SongZhenping)AchildgetshissugarpaintinginanintangibleculturalheritagefairinShenyang,capitalofnortheastChinasLiaoningProvince,June9,ritageDayonSaturday.(Xinhua/YaoJianfeng)AfolkartistcommunicateswithonlineaudienceinnorthChinasTianjinMunicipality,June9,ritageDayonSaturday.(Xinhua/LiRan)

  (CNS),astate-levelnewsagencysponsoredandestablishedbyChinesejournalistsandrenownedoverseasChineseexpertsonOctober1,(),,,includingin-depthcoverage,featurestoriesandvisualcontent,withtopicssuchascurrentevents,art,lifestyle,(CNS)isnotonlyastate-levelnewsagencyspreadingnewsworldwide,butalsoaninternationalnewsagencywithsubscribersinTaiwan,HongKongandMacao,,formervicechairmanoftheStandingCommitteeoftheNationalPeoplesCongress,,therewereothermajorsponsorsandbuilders,suchasJinZhonghua,HuYuzhi,,awell-knownexpertoninternationalissues,,CNSwastheInternationalNewsService,,adatabaseofinforma(includingwritings,photosandspecialarticles)andamodernmethodofreporting(mainlythroughinternet,videosandSMS)providedtooverse,,HongKongandMacao,aswellasbranchesorreportstationsinTokyo,Bangkok,KualaLumpur,NewYork,Washington,LosAngeles,SanFrancisco,Vancouver,London,Paris,,andnewsreleasecentershavebeenestablishedinBeijing,,multi-levelandmulti-functionnewsreleasesystem,CNSprovidesallkindsofnewsandinformation,’,,1999,theheadquartersofCNSlauncheditsofficialwebsite,namedChinanews().ChinanewsisconsideredoneofChina’smostimportantonlinenewssources.PhototakenonJune10,2018showsagiantpandabornlastyearattheChinaConservationandResearchCenterfortheGiantPandaplaysonasunnyday.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/AnYuan)PhototakenonJune10,2018showsagiantpandabornthisyearattheChinaConservationandResearchCenterfortheGiantPandaplaysonasunnyday.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/AnYuan)PhototakenonJune10,2018showsagiantpandabornthisyearattheChinaConservationandResearchCenterfortheGiantPandaplaysonasunnyday.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/AnYuan)PhototakenonJune10,2018showsagiantpandabornthisyearattheChinaConservationandResearchCenterfortheGiantPandaplaysonasunnyday.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/AnYuan)PhototakenonJune10,2018showsagiantpandabornthisyearattheChinaConservationandResearchCenterfortheGiantPandaplaysonasunnyday.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/AnYuan)PhototakenonJune10,2018showsagiantpandabornthisyearattheChinaConservationandResearchCenterfortheGiantPandaplaysonasunnyday.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/AnYuan)PhototakenonJune10,2018showsagiantpandabornthisyearattheChinaConservationandResearchCenterfortheGiantPandaplaysonasunnyday.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/AnYuan)PhototakenonJune10,2018showsgiantpandasbornthisyearattheChinaConservationandResearchCenterfortheGiantPandaplayonasunnyday.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/AnYuan)

  ReportersgatherattheInternationalMediaCenterfortheDPRK-USAsummitatF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)ReportersgatherattheInternationalMediaCenterfortheDPRK-USAsummitatF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)ReportersgatherattheInternationalMediaCenterfortheDPRK-USAsummitatF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)ReportersgatherattheInternationalMediaCenterfortheDPRK-USAsummitatF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)ReportersgatherattheInternationalMediaCenterfortheDPRK-USAsummitatF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/XuFangqing)ReportersgatherattheInternationalMediaCenterfortheDPRK-USAsummitatF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/XuFangqing)ReportersgatherattheInternationalMediaCenterfortheDPRK-USAsummitatF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/XuFangqing)ReportersqueuetoentertheInternationalMediaCenterfortheDPRK-USAsummitatF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/LiYang)ReportersgatherattheInternationalMediaCenterfortheDPRK-USAsummitatF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/LiuZhen)

  ChinesePresidentXiJinping(6thR,front)posesforagroupphotowithotherleadersandguestsaheadofthe18thMeetingoftheCouncilofHeadsofMemberStatesoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)inQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June10,(Xinhua/GaoJie)ChinesePresidentXiJinpingchairsthe18thMeetingoftheCouncilofHeadsofMemberStatesoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)inQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June10,(Xinhua/LiXueren)ChinesePresidentXiJinpingchairsthe18thMeetingoftheCouncilofHeadsofMemberStatesoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)inQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June10,(Xinhua/LiXueren)The18thMeetingoftheCouncilofHeadsofMemberStatesoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)isheldinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June10,(Xinhua/DingLin)XiJinping,presidentofChinathatholdstherotatingpresidencyoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO),addressesajointpressconferenceattheSCOsummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June10,,KazakhPresidentNursultanNazarbayev,KyrgyzPresidentSooronbayJeenbekov,PakistaniPresidentMamnoonHussain,RussianPresidentVladimirPutin,TajikPresidentEmomaliRahmonandUzbekPresidentShavkatMirziyoyevalsoattendedthepressconference.(Xinhua/YanYan)AteacherteachesstudentsbasicperformingactionsofChinesedramaataprimaryschoolinNeiqiuCounty,northChinasHebeiProvince,June8,ritingtraditionalChineseculture.(Xinhua/ZhuXudong)AteacherteachesstudentsbasicperformingactionsofChinesedramaataprimaryschoolinNeiqiuCounty,northChinasHebeiProvince,June8,ritingtraditionalChineseculture.(Xinhua/ZhuXudong)StudentspracticebasicperformingactionsofChinesedramaataprimaryschoolinNeiqiuCounty,northChinasHebeiProvince,June8,ritingtraditionalChineseculture.(Xinhua/ZhuXudong)StudentspracticebasicperformingactionsofChinesedramaataprimaryschoolinNeiqiuCounty,northChinasHebeiProvince,June8,ritingtraditionalChineseculture.(Xinhua/ZhuXudong)AteacherteachesstudentsbasicperformingactionsofChinesedramaataprimaryschoolinNeiqiuCounty,northChinasHebeiProvince,June8,ritingtraditionalChineseculture.(Xinhua/ZhuXudong)

  Special:LeadersoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)heldtheannualsummitoftheEurasianinstitutionhereonSunday,,XicalledforcarryingforwardtheShanghaiSpirittosurmountdifficulties,variousareassoastogivefullplaytotheorganizationatewithotherSCOcountriesintheframeworkoftheSCOindifferentareassuchasorganicfarming,dairyandanimalhusbandry,agriculturaleducation,leveltoamultilateralscale,promotingsettlementsinlocalcurrenciesamongmemberstates,strengtheningexceinsafeguardingregionalsecurityandstability,addingthathehopesitsmemberswouldfurthercoordinatetheirpositionsandactionstobetteraddressthethreatposedbythe"threeevilforces"ofterrorism,,theSCOhasbecomeamodelorganizationforsaforitiesoftheSCO,andtheanEconomicUnionandtheBeltandRoadInitiative,,andjointlycombatthe"threeevilforces,"eexmandnarcoticsmustbeconfrontedcomprehensively,andthathelooksforwardtoexpandinghiscountryetheircommonground,addressdisputespeacefully,seeklong-termcommoninterests,respecteachotherandabandonconflictandconfrontationforamoresecure,rmforregionalcooperation,addingthathehopesMongoliacanincreaseitsparticipationinregionalcooperationwithintheSCOframework.

  AnaerialviewofacolorfulsaltlakeinYuncheng,ShanxiProvince,June6,,thesaltlake,knownasChinas"DeadSea",displaysdifferentcolorsasaresultofmicroorganismsinthewater.(Photo/IC)AnaerialviewofacolorfulsaltlakeinYuncheng,ShanxiProvince,June6,,thesaltlake,knownasChinas"DeadSea",displaysdifferentcolorsasaresultofmicroorganismsinthewater.(Photo/IC)AnaerialviewofacolorfulsaltlakeinYuncheng,ShanxiProvince,June6,,thesaltlake,knownasChinas"DeadSea",displaysdifferentcolorsasaresultofmicroorganismsinthewater.(Photo/IC)

  Arobotpatrolsthemediacenterofthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganizationSummitonThursday.(Photo:LiHao/GT)WiththeapproachoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)QingdaoSummit,volunteersprovideassistanceforin,“66”,securityrobot“Haihai”anddeliveryrobot“DianXiaoer.”Securityrobot“Haihai”cancarryout24-hourautonhemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganizationSummitinQingdao,EastChinasShandongProvince,onJune7,2018.(Photo:LiHao/GT)Volunteersworkatthemediacenterreceptiondeskofthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganizationSummitinQingdao,EastChinasShandongProvince,onJune7,2018.(Photo:LiHao/GT)Volunteersstandatattentioninthemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganizationSummitinQingdao,EastChinasShandongProvince,onJune7,2018.(Photo:LiHao/GT)JournalistsprepareinthemediacenteroftheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationQingdaoSummitinQingdao,EastChinasShandongProvince,onJune7,2018.(Photo:LiHao/GT)sRepublicofKorea(DPRK)leaderKimJongUninSingaporeduringanewsprogram,atasquareinTokyo,Japan,June12,2018.(Photo/Agencies)sRepublicofKorea(DPRK)leaderKimJongUninSingaporeduringanewsprogramatabarinWashington,,June12,2018.(Photo/Agencies)PeoplewatchfromashoppingmallfoodcourtintheLsRepublicofKorea(DPRK)leaderKimJongUn,atarailwaystationinSeoul,SouthKorea,2018.(Photo/Agencies)sRepublicofKorea(DPRK)leaderKimJongUninSingaporeduringanewsprogramattheSeoulRailwayStationinSeoul,SouthKorea,June12,2018.(Photo/Agencies)EmployeesofaforeignexchangesRepublicofKorea(DPRK)leaderKimJongUn,inTokyo,Japan,June12,2018.(Photo/Agencies)sRepublicofKorea(DPRK)leaderKimJongUninSingaporeduringanewsprogramatasquareinTokyo,Japan,June12,2018.(Photo/Agencies)

  

  2017年海南儋州市查处侵权假冒案件328起

 
责编:
5G标准能否迎来“中国时刻”
2019-09-18 09:56:32  来源: 新华每日电讯16版 【字号 留言】【打印】【关闭

2月28日,在世界移动通信大会上,工作人员介绍一款中国手机的超级快充技术。

   新华社发(利诺·德瓦利耶摄)

  据新华社北京3月1日电全球移动通信行业最具影响力的年度展会——世界移动通信大会2月27日在西班牙巴塞罗那开幕。在令人眼花缭乱的新产品衬托中,第五代移动通信技术(5G)支持下“万物互联”的蓝图正愈加清晰地呈现。

改变的不仅是速度

  说到5G,很多人会问“除了快,到底还有什么?”事实上,通信行业本身至今还未给5G一个规范定义,只是根据以往移动通信技术大约10年更新一代的周期认为,5G将在2021年前后实现商用。

  今年,国际电信联盟按计划开始征集5G方案,并公布了包含13个5G指标的草案,5G标准化进程前进了一大步。这些指标包括:每个5G基站至少能提供20Gbps的下行和10Gbps的上行宽带传输能力;必须确保时速500公里的交通工具上的用户数据连接不中断;连接5G用户的最大延迟不能超过4毫秒,甚至是保持1毫秒的超低延迟通信;单个5G网络在每平方公里的区域范围内,至少能够承载100万台设备。

  这些指标意味着什么?可以想象这样的未来场景:一位外科医生搭乘通过5G网络操控的无人驾驶出租车前往火车站,在时速500公里的高铁列车上,他用6.4秒下载了一部2G大小的高清电影到手机中欣赏。途中他接到医院通知,要遥控千里之外的机器人进行手术,通过5G网络,手术完成得干净漂亮,机器人连“一眨眼”的延迟都没有……无人驾驶汽车、高铁列车上网、远程医疗,这位医生通过5G网络实现了“联通一切、控制一切”。

  充满利润的新兴市场空间被称为“蓝海”。由华为、中兴、大唐电信等8家中国企业发起成立的TD产业联盟秘书长杨骅在接受新华社记者采访时说,5G时代的“蓝海行业”将是经济中的各垂直行业,而非移动通信行业本身,5G网络将成为大幅提升各垂直行业生产效率和智能制造水平的基础设施,也为普通民众带来更智能的生活方式。

国家利益博弈

  目前,世界各通信行业巨头都在5G技术研发上力争“先发制人”。以中国企业为例,中兴已投入2亿元人民币进行5G研发,全球有2000多名员工专门负责5G研究。中兴首席科学家向际鹰在世界移动通信大会上向记者介绍说,中兴在2016年已完成5G原型机第一阶段测试,世界领先;2018年国际标准推出之后,中兴将以最短的时间推出预商用产品。

  5G网络无疑是实现“万物互联”的关键技术。然而,著名市场咨询公司弗里斯特首席分析师比勒尔在接受新华社记者采访时指出,由于5G标准尚未达成一致,各种相关设备数量还有限,商业企划案还缺乏明确投资回报率,5G网络在全球范围内的部署依然面临巨大挑战。

  杨骅强调,在标准制定上有了话语权,必然会带动产业发展,“未来5G领域的标准之争除了取决于技术和市场的选择,更是国家利益的博弈。”

  以3G标准竞争为例,美国和欧洲倡导的3G标准实际上都属于FDD技术,但为了各自的产业利益,双方分别提出了不同标准,与中国提出的TD-SCDMA三足鼎立。国际电联曾明确规定2019-09-18是各国提交3G标准的最后截止时间,但美国政府在2007年向国际电联施压,让其在“最终期限”过去近10年后,接纳美国的WIMAX为第四个标准。

  如今在5G标准制定及部署上,世界各国正加快行动。比如,美国前总统奥巴马在2016年底离任前推出《高级无线研究计划》,在未来7年出资4亿美元让美国“保持领导者地位并赢得下一代移动通信技术之争”;欧盟委员会去年9月宣布投资1.2亿欧元,供公立机构购买最新移动通信设备,欧盟各成员国在2025年前完成5G系统全面部署;英国政府也在去年11月确认,到2020年前后投资至少10亿英镑,完善全国高速光纤及5G网络基础设施建设。

  美国联邦通信委员会(FCC)在2015年就频带提出了全新且灵活的服务规则。FCC委员罗森沃赛尔曾公开表示:“当我们把眼光放长远,就会发现有些地方美国必须独自前往,在世界无线电会议上未被列入频谱研究列表的28GHz频带就是其中之一。由于这个频带可分配至全球的移动应用,美国不能停下脚步。”

“中国时刻”能否到来

  根据国际电联公布的5G时间表,5G技术方案征集和标准制定将在2020年前完成,各国相对完整的技术标准提案要在2019-09-18前提交。

  在移动通信进化史上,中国企业经历了“2G跟踪、3G突破、4G同步”的阶段。杨骅说,4G标准呈现欧洲主导的FDD-LTE标准与中国主导的TD-LTE相互竞争格局。在未来5G标准竞争中,这两种标准有可能统一,更有可能仍然保持两到三个标准竞争的格局。

  杨骅强调,单从技术角度讲,众多业内人士认为中国主导的TD-LTE标准代表了技术发展主流,适应了移动互联非对称性、互易性等要求。

  目前来看,5G应用三大场景包括3D/超高清视频等大流量移动宽带业务、大规模物联网业务及无人驾驶、工业自动化等需要低时延、高可靠连接的业务。2016年,中国华为公司的极化码方案被采纳为大流量移动宽带业务中控制信道的编码方案。虽然数据信道采用了美国高通公司的方案,后续还有两个场景的信道编码方案竞争,但业内人士认为,极化码被采纳为华为在5G时代的后续发言权打下基础,意义非凡。

  欧美企业垄断标准的时代行将结束,中国通信技术的国际地位正在提升,中国企业已成为国际同行不可忽视的角色。世界移动通信大会开幕前,美国《华尔街日报》网站报道说,世界移动通信行业正在经历转变,亚洲企业正利用制定5G标准的国际流程挑战现有世界秩序和西方优势。

  世界移动通信大会开幕当天,英国萨里大学5G研究中心研究员斯图尔特·雷维尔接受新华社记者采访时说:“我们今天和中国有着密切的合作关系,尤其在科研、开发、测试平台和标准化工作方面合作非常活跃,我们认为中国同行是我们科研工作的重要合作伙伴。”

  弗里斯特市场咨询公司的比勒尔则表示,华为、中兴等中国公司将在5G发展和部署中扮演“主要角色”。

  (执笔记者:刘曲;参与记者:张家伟、冯俊伟、张莹、郭爽)

■链接

5G标准竞争,中国TDD模式技术更具优势

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